The population of Norway is living in a democratic, constitutional monarchy, and the King is Head of State. The country is divided into 19 regional counties (fylker) and into 435 local municipalities (kommuner).
Statistically the Norwegian people have plenty of space, as there are only 16 inhabitants per Square kilometres of land.
By October 1. in 2016 the population of Norway was approximately 5.252.000 inhabitants, with some 75% of the population residing in urban areas and 25% in rural areas.
The population growth in 2016 is so far 48.000, or an increase of 1,5%. The total of Live births in 2015 was 59.058, a small decrease during the last 3 years. The total number of deaths was appr. 40.700.
With a medium growth rate in the years to come, it is expected that the population will increase and reach 6.000.000 in 2031, and 7.000.000 in 2060.
One big challenge is that the number of people in the group of younger people will be near constant (0-5 years, 6-15 years and 16-66 years), while the group of citizens at 67 years of age or older will double.
Life duration has increased steadily for some 200 years. During the last 20 years, the increase has been particularly strong, and especially for men.
A new born girl in 2017 can expect to live for 84.2 years and a new born boy for 80.2 years. Twenty years ago the corresponding figures were 79 and 73 years respectively.
Counties in the northern Norway have experienced a zero to negative growth rate over the past decade, while the southern counties and especially areas surrounding Oslo have had up to 15 % population growth. Major centres of population include the capital Oslo (975.744), Bergen (275,720), Trondheim (177,000), Stavanger (213,000), Kristiansand (70,000), Fredrikstad (61,000) and Tromsø (60,000).
Particularly the larger metropolitan centres, has become increasingly multicultural. The Norwegian Statistisk Sentralbyrå (http://www.ssb.no) monitors these changes and divides the Norwegian population into Non-Immigrant, Immigrant Western (the Nordic countries, Western Europe, North America and Oceania) and Immigrant Non-Western (Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, South and Central American and Turkey).
These groups are populations both from other European countries (190.000) , Asia (148.990), Africa (51.598), North- and Central America (11.018), South America (12.360) and Oceania (1.253).
Immigrants and those born
in Norway by immigrant parents constituted 16.3 per cent of the
population as per 1 January 2016, totalling 848.200 persons. Immigrants
live in all municipalities in the county, and Oslo has the largest share
with 160 000 persons or 27 per cent of the capital's population.
Approximately 46 per cent of the immigrant population have Norwegian citizenship, but this varies between groups.
has the largest share of immigrants and Norwegian born persons with immigrant parents, with 214.000 persons or 33 per
cent of the capital's population. These are mainly Pakistani, Somali,
Swedish and Sri Lankan origin.
Go from population of Norway to learn more about Norwegian facts.